(1) Copying from another student's examination.
(2) Allowing a student to copy from another student's examination.
(3) Using outside materials on an examination that is not authorized for use during the examination.
(4) Preparing or obtaining notes to take into a closed-book examination, for example writing on the hand or desk, preparing a crib sheet, or storing information in any other format for use and retrieval during the examination.
(5) Collaborating on a project that was to be completed individually.
(6) Using written notes or information, or electronic devices, such as a personal data device, laptop computer, cellular phone, or calculator in an unauthorized manner to store, share, or retrieve information during an examination.
Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 6th ed., 2003.
McMillan, Vicky. Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences, 2001.
Turabian, Kate. A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 6th ed., 1996.
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 5th ed., 2001.
The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., 2003.
Oberlin College maintains a website with useful information concerning the appropriate use of sources as well as acceptable footnote and bibliographical style. This site is at: www.oberlin.edu/library/research/ reference.html.
(1) Falsifying citations, for example by citing information from a nonexistent reference.
(2) Manipulating or manufacturing data to support research.
(3) Taking another student's examination, completing another student's academic exercise, or writing
another student's paper.
(4) Listing sources in the bibliography that are not used in the academic exercise.
(5) Engaging another individual (whether a part of the college community or from outside of the college community) to complete the student's examination, to complete the student's academic exercise, or to write the student's paper.
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