|Oberlin College Biology Department|
Associate Professor of Biology
Science Center K111
Ph.D. University of Texas, 2005
M.S. University of Illinois, 1999
B.S. College of William and Mary, 1995
|Follow me on Twitter: @gypsumbotany|
Research in my lab lies within the field of plant systematics—the study of the origin and evolution of plant diversity. We are interested in exploring various problems in flowering plant evolution using molecular phylogenetic and phylogeographic approaches. In other words, we reconstruct the evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) among plants by generating and analyzing DNA sequence data for various gene regions. We use these molecular phylogenies to test hypotheses about morphological, ecological, and molecular evolution within the plant groups we are interested in. For example, one of our major current interests is understanding how unusual soils have interacted with past climate changes to influence the diversification of plants in the desert Southwest. This project involves extensive fieldwork to collect leaf samples, which we bring back to Oberlin for molecular analyses. For more on this project, see below.
Systematics incorporates ideas and techniques from across biology, including fields like evolutionary biology, anatomy, ecology, molecular biology, biogeography, and bioinformatics. Consequently, students in my lab have the opportunity to do fieldwork, labwork, and computational work.
Moore Lab research featured in the video series "Plants Are Cool, Too!"—watch below or read the associated news article:
Watch the following clip to learn a bit more about my research and teaching philosphy:
Research in my lab is inherently computational, whether it is reconstructing evolutionary trees using phylogenetic algorithms or assembling chloroplast genomes using millions of short DNA sequences generated from next-generation sequencers. The Oberlin supercomputer plays a key role in these analyses. Recently I was part of a team of Oberlin faculty (including Manish Mehta and Matt Elrod of the Chemistry Dept., Rob Owen of the Physics Dept., and Aaron Goldman of the Biology Dept.) that obtained a $500,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to purchase and install a vastly improved high-performance computing cluster. For more on this exciting opportunity, read this brief feature from the Oberlin News Center.
And finally—and most importantly—my research would not be possible without the many talented Oberlin students I have mentored over the years. Working with Oberlin undergraduates is the most enjoyable part of my job. Below are some photos of folks who have worked in my lab over the years, including many Obies.
The Moore lab crew, Spring semester 2013. (In the tree, left to right) Jonah Joffe, Lila Leatherman, Rebecca Mostow; (Front row, left to right) Mike Moore, Emma Ray, Arianna Goodman, Norm Douglas, James Medina, Spencer Wight, Shiva Mandala.
|The Moore lab summer 2012 research gang. (Back row, left to right) Mike Moore, Spencer Wight, Trip Freeburg, Norm Douglas; (Front row, left to right) Chloe Drummond, Arianna Goodman, Nidia Mendoza Díaz.|
Moore Lab, Spring 2011. L to R: (Back row) Jonah Joffe, Heather-Rose Kates, Chloe Drummond, Sophia Weinmann; (Front row) Norm Douglas, Rebecca Mostow, Julia Ruby, Gabe Stalberg, Riva Bruenn, Rachel Plumb, Carolyn Stange, Matt Croley, Liam Sharninghausen, Chris Canning. Not pictured: Kate Hampilos, Flora Samis.
My lab is full of opportunities for the motivated student. Students in the Moore Lab learn many techniques, ranging from DNA isolation to sequence editing/analysis to cloning. In addition to lab work, in summers we often go on expeditions to the desert Southwest to collect plants for our research.
Right: Anna Brunner and Jeffrey Sanders collect gypsum endemic plants at Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico.
Joey Charboneau, Anna Brunner, Jeffrey Sanders, and Mike Moore at White Sands National Monument, New Mexico
Mike Moore, Anna Brunner, Heather-Rose Kates, and Jeffrey Sanders in Valley of the Gods, southeastern Utah
Research in my lab currently focuses on two broad areas:
(1) The Origin and Evolution of Gypsum Endemic Plants in the Chihuahuan Desert
To learn more about my research on gypsum endemism, click here or on the image below:
(2) Flowering Plant Phylogenomics
To learn more about my efforts to resolve angiosperm phylogeny, click here or on the image:
Publications (also see my Google Scholar page):
(*Oberlin undergraduate authors from Moore lab)
Alexander, P. J., N. A. Douglas, H. Ochoterena, H. Flores Olvera, and M. J. Moore. 2014. Recent findings on the gypsum flora of The Rim of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico: a new species of Nerisyrenia, a new state record, and an updated checklist. Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 8(2): 383-394. [PDF]
Moore, M. J., J. F. Mota, N. A. Douglas, H. Flores Olvera, and H. Ochoterena. 2014. The ecology, assembly, and evolution of gypsophile floras. Pp. 97- 128 in Plant Ecology and Evolution in Harsh Environments, Eds. N. Rajakaruna, R. Boyd, and T. Harris. Nova Science Publishers: Hauppauge, NY. [PDF of page proofs]
Straub, S. C. K., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, A. Liston, and T. Livshultz. 2014. Phylogenetic signal detection from an ancient rapid radiation: Effects of noise reduction, long-branch attraction, and model selection in crown clade Apocynaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 80: 169-185. [HTML] [PDF]
Feng, T., M. J. Moore, Y. Sun, A. Meng, H. Chu, J. Li, and H. Wang. 2014. A new species of Argentina (Rosaceae, Potentilleae) from Southeast Tibet, with reference to the taxonomic status of the genus. Plant Systematics and Evolution Online First [HTML] [PDF]
Turner, B. L. and M. J. Moore. 2014. Oenothera gayleana (Oenothera sect. Calylophus, Onagraceae), a new gypsophile from Texas, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. Phytologia 96(3): 200-206. [PDF]
Sun, Y., M J. Moore, L. Yue, T. Feng, H. Chu, S. Chen, Y. Ji, H. Wang, and J. Li. 2014. Chloroplast phylogeography of the East Asian Arcto-Tertiary relict Tetracentron sinense (Trochodendraceae). Journal of Biogeography 41(9): 1721-1732. [HTML] [PDF]
Drew, B. T., B. R. Ruhfel, S. A. Smith, M. J. Moore, B. G. Briggs, M. A. Gitzendanner, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2014. Another look at the root of the angiosperms reveals a familiar tale. Systematic Biology 63(3): 368-382. [HTML] [PDF]
Uribe-Convers, S., J. R. Duke, M. J. Moore, and D. C. Tank. 2014. A long PCR-based approach for DNA enrichment prior to next-generation sequencing for systematic studies. Applications in Plant Sciences 2(1): 1300063. [HTML] [PDF]
Sun, Y. X., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, J. Q. Li, and H. C. Wang. 2013. Complete plastid genome sequencing of Trochodendraceae reveals a significant expansion of the Inverted Repeat and suggests a Paleogene divergence between the two extant species. PLoS ONE 8(4): e60429. [HTML] [PDF]
Stull, G. W., M. J. Moore, *V. S. Mandala, N. A. Douglas, H.-R. Kates, X. Qi, S. F. Brockington, P. S. Soltis, D. E. Soltis, and M. A. Gitzendanner. 2013. A targeted enrichment strategy for massively parallel sequencing of angiosperm plastid genomes. Applications in Plant Sciences 1(2): 1-7. [HTML] [PDF]
Arakaki, M., P.-A. Christin, R. Nyffeler, A. Lendel, U. Eggli, R. M. Ogburn, E. Spriggs, M. J. Moore, and E. J. Edwards. 2011. Contemporaneous and recent radiations of the world's major succulent plant lineages. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108(20): 8379-8384. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., N. Hassan, M. A. Gitzendanner, *R. A. Bruenn, *M. Croley, A. Vandeventer, J. W. Horn, A. Dhingra, S. F. Brockington, M. Latvis, J. Ramdial, R. Alexandre, A. Piedrahita, Z. Xi, C. C. Davis, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2011. Phylogenetic analysis of the plastid inverted repeat for 244 species: insights into deeper-level angiosperm relationships from a long, slowly evolving sequence region. International Journal of Plant Sciences 172(4): 541-558. [HTML] [PDF]
Soltis, D. E., S. A. Smith, N. Cellinese, K. J. Wurdack, D. C. Tank, S. F. Brockington, N. F. Refulio-Rodriguez, J. B. Walker, M. J. Moore, B. S. Carlsward, C. D. Bell, M. Latvis, S. Crawley, C. Black, D. Diouf, Z. Xi, M. A. Gitzendanner, K. J. Sytsma, Y.-L. Qiu, K. W. Hilu, C. C. Davis, M. J. Sanderson, R. G. Olmstead, W. S. Judd, M. J. Donoghue, and P. S. Soltis. 2011. Angiosperm phylogeny: 17 genes, 640 taxa. American Journal of Botany 98(4): 704-730. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, J. G. Burleight, and D. E. Soltis. 2010. Phylogenetic analysis of 83 plastid genes further resolves the early diversification of eudicots. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 107(10): 4623-4628. [HTML] [PDF] (Open Access)
Soltis, D. E., M. J. Moore, J. G. Burleigh, C. D. Bell, and P. S. Soltis. 2010. Assembling the angiosperm tree of life: progress and future prospects. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(4): 514-526. [HTML] [PDF]
Givnish, T. J., M. Ames, J. R. McNeal, M. R. McKain, P. R. Steele, C. W. dePamphilis, S. W. Graham, J. C. Pires, D. W. Stevenson, W. B. Zomlefer, B. G. Briggs, M. R. Duvall, M. J. Moore, J. M. Heaney, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, K. Thiele, and J. H. Leebens-Mack. 2010. Assembling the tree of the monocotyledons: Plastome sequence phylogeny and evolution of Poales. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 97(4): 584-616. [HTML] [PDF]
Soltis, D. E., G. Burleigh, W.B. Barbazuk, M. J. Moore, and P. S. Soltis. 2010. Advances in the use of next-generation sequence data in plant systematics and evolution. ISHS Acta Horticulturae 859 (International Symposium on Molecular Markers in Horticulture). [link]
Brockington, S. F., R. Alexandre, J. Ramdial, M. J. Moore, S. Crawley, A. Dhingra, K. Hilu, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2009. Phylogeny of the Caryophyllales sensu lato: Revisiting hypotheses on pollination biology and perianth differentiation in the core Caryophyllales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 170(5): 627-643. [HTML] [PDF]
Soltis, D. E., M. J. Moore, J. G. Burleigh, and P. S. Soltis 2009. Molecular markers and concepts of plant evolutionary relationships: progress, promise, and future prospects. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences 28(1-2): 1-15. [HTML/PDF]
Wang, H., M. J. Moore, P. S. Soltis, C. D. Bell, S. F. Brockington, R. Alexandre, C. C. Davis, M. Latvis, S. R. Manchester, and D. E. Soltis. 2009. Rosid radiation and the rapid rise of angiosperm-dominated forests. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 106(10): 3853-3858. [HTML] [PDF]
Soltis, P. S., S. F. Brockington, M.-J. Yoo, A. Piedrahita, M. Latvis, M. J. Moore, A. S. Chanderbali, and D. E. Soltis. 2009. Floral variation and floral genetics in basal angiosperms. American Journal of Botany 96(1): 110-128. [HTML] [PDF]
Neubig, K. M., W. M. Whitten, B. S. Carlsward, M. A. Blanco, L. Endara, N. H. Williams, and M. J. Moore. 2009. Phylogenetic utility of ycf1 in orchids: a plastid gene more variable than matK. Plant Systematics and Evolution 277 (1-2): 75-84. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J. 2009. Angiosperm phylogenetics. McGraw-Hill 2009 Yearbook of Science & Technology. McGraw-Hill, New York. [HTML]
Jian, S., P. S. Soltis, M. A. Gitzendanner, M. J. Moore, R. Li, T. A. Hendry, Y.-L. Qiu, A. Dhingra, C. D. Bell, and D. E. Soltis. 2008. Resolving an ancient, rapid radiation in Saxifragales. Systematic Biology 57(1): 38-57. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., C. D. Bell, P. S. Soltis, and D. E. Soltis. 2007. Using plastid genome-scale data to resolve enigmatic relationships among basal angiosperms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104(49): 19363-19368. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., A. Dhingra, P. S. Soltis, R. Shaw, W. G. Farmerie, K. M. Folta, and D. E. Soltis. 2006. Rapid and accurate pyrosequencing of angiosperm plastid genomes. BMC Plant Biology 6: 17. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., A. Tye, and R. K. Jansen. 2006. Patterns of long-distance dispersal in Tiquilia subg. Tiquilia (Boraginaceae): implications for the origins of amphitropical disjuncts and Galápagos Islands endemics. American Journal of Botany 93(8): 1163-1177. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., and R. K. Jansen. 2006. Molecular evidence for the age, origin, and evolutionary history of the American desert plant genus Tiquilia (Boraginaceae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 39(3): 668-687. [HTML] [PDF]
Moore, M. J., J. Francisco-Ortega, A. Santos-Guerra, and R. K. Jansen. 2002. Chloroplast DNA evidence for the roles of island colonization and extinction in Tolpis (Asteraceae: Lactuceae). American Journal of Botany 89(3): 518-526. [HTML] [PDF]
Every fall semester I co-teach the introductory Biology majors course, Organismal Biology (BIOL 100), with the inestimable Dr. Yolanda Cruz. This course introduces students to the basics of how plants and animals work, from the level of the genome all the way up to that of the whole organism. Along the way we compare and contrast how plants and animals deal with the basic needs of survival. As you might expect, I handle the plant parts of the course, whereas Ms. Cruz teaches the animal parts. Aside from the actual biology component of the course, BIOL 100 is designed to prepare students for the rigors of upper-level Biology and Neuroscience courses. If you have questions about the course, including whether or not you should take it if you have been exempted from the course due to AP credit, please do not hesitate to contact me.
If you are interested in learning more about plant diversity and/or about the systematic and phylogenetic methods we use to understand organismal diversity, you might consider taking my spring semester course, Plant Systematics (BIOL 323/324). Although the focus of the course is on flowering plants, the concepts and methods that students learn are applicable to most organisms. We cover a wide range of topics, including morphology, taxonomy, nomenclature, phylogenetic methods and theory, biogeography, speciation, hybridization, and character evolution. The lab portion of the course involves significant field and lab components. For example, students learn how to work with next-generation DNA sequencing data to reconstruct the evolution of plants, and spend some hands-on time learning about the phylogenetic diversity of plants. Once the long Oberlin winter breaks, we head outside and learn more about plant diversity, including important plants of the Ohio flora.
I also lead an upper-level Biology majors Seminar, Biogeography (BIOL 423), that is focused on exploring the causes and consequences of the geographic distributions of organisms through group discussions of recently published scientific journal articles. Students choose nearly all of the articles we read, and also pursue a writing-intensive course project. As a class, we also take an afternoon field trip to a local site of biogeographic interest; in 2014, we visited Castalia Prairie, which is the most intact tallgrass prairie left in Ohio.
Occasionally I also teach a First-Year Seminar entitled The Sixth Extinction: Problems and Prospects in Biodiversity Conservation (FYSP 194). In this course we explore the challenges and opportunities surrounding the conservation of biodiversity using readings from a wide variety of sources. Among the topics we discuss are the value of biodiversity, the impacts of legislation and private property on biodiversity, the ramifications of ethical dilemmas in conservation management, the feasibility of saving species and restoring degraded habitat, and ways to encourage participation in biodiversity conservation. We also go on several weekend afternoon field trips to sites of local conservation interest. Some of the places we have visited in the past include Castalia Prairie (the best remaining example of tallgrass prairie in Ohio), Edison Woods (the largest remaining forest in northern Ohio), and NASA Plum Brook Station (which contains around 6000 acres of actively managed forest, prairie, and savanna).
Last updated on December 18, 2014
All images are the copyright of Michael J. Moore