Chauncey Northrop Pond, son of Henry Nelson and Mary J. (Castle) Pond, was born in Hamilton Corners, Medina County, Ohio on October 23, 1841. In 1858, Pond moved to Oberlin and enrolledin the Preparatory Department of Oberlin College, receiving the A.B. in 1864 and the A.M. from the Oberlin Theological Seminary in 1868. Findlay College awarded him the Doctor of Divinity in 1901. On August 24, 1864, Chauncey Pond married Harriet Permelia Perkins (b. 1837), a student in the Literary Course from 1859 to 1864. They had three children: Jennie Evelyn Pond (1865-1896; A.B. Oberlin 1888), Henry Tennyson Pond (1867-70), and Percy Martyn Pond (1870-1945; A.B. Oberlin 1892).
Following his ordination in October 1866, Pond held pastorates in several Congregational churches in Ohio. He served four years as pastor of his home church in Medina (1866-70). After three years as Financial Secretary for the financially-troubled Oberlin Theological Seminary, Pond held pastorates in Berea (1873-75) and Wauseon (1876-77), Ohio. From 1877 to 1880, he edited the periodical The Plantation Missionary for David C. Cook publications in Chicago. On his return to Ohio, he began a long period of service with the American Sunday School Union, holding the posts of Corresponding Secretary and regional Superintendent. He resumed preaching part-time in 1894 at North Bloomfield Congregational Church in North Bloomfield, Ohio. In 1906, after twelve years of service, he left the position.
In addition to his preaching duties, Pond was actively engaged in charity and mission work. He served as President of the Ohio Conference of Charities and Corrections (1904-05) and as Northern Secretary of the Industrial Missionary Association of Alabama (1895-1907), an organization established to assist blacks in acquiring land. For more than fifty years, Rev. Pond attended meetings of the State Conference of the Ohio Home Missionary Society. In these various capacities, he traveled, lectured, and contributed numerous articles to newspapers and religious periodicals. Chauncey N. Pond died in Oberlin at the age of 79 on June 12, 1920.