Oberlin College, Class of 1953 photo
Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane (1920-1969)
Eduardo Chivambo Mondlane was born June 20, 1920 in a small village near the town of Manjacaze in the southern district of Gaza, Mozambique. Education was extremely important to Mondlane’s mother, and she insisted that he go to school “in order to understand the witchcraft of the white man, thus being able to fight against him.”* His mother’s advice were words that Mondlane reported he could hear ringing in his ears many years later, and he credits his early life with imbuing in him a sense of revolutionary spirit. He studied from 1944-51 in South Africa and Portugal, then in 1951 he enrolled as a Junior at Oberlin College. After graduating from Oberlin College in 1953 with a B.A. in Sociology, he went on to work for the United Nations. He eventually left the United Nations to organize support for the Mozambican liberation struggle. He helped shape the policies and actions of the independence fighters until he was assassinated on February 3, 1969.
*This quote was taken from Biographical Notes prepared by Eduardo Mondlane.
For more information see The Herbert Shore Collection in Honor of Eduardo Mondlane.