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Golden Year for the Department of Religion
A Conversation with Paula Richman '74, Professor of South Asian
Department of Religion at Oberlin celebrated its 50th anniversary
in 2001-02, as 1951 marked the official break of religious studies
from the School of Theology. The year-long commemoration featured
lectures and presentations by faculty and alumni, several of which
focused on the department's growth over the past five decades.
Today, the department has 10 full-time faculty members and 35 to
40 majors in each graduating class. Courses and faculty research
span the major religious traditions of the world.
In this article, Paula Richman shares department highlights in a
recent interview conducted by the American Academy of Religion.
Richman, who chaired the department for the past two years, is on
sabbatical in India this semester.
What were the factors that led to the founding of Oberlin's Department
Richman: Every department of religion in a small liberal arts college
has its own unusual history; this is especially true at Oberlin.
We can best describe 1951 as the year that the department was "re-founded"because
religion already had been taught here for many years. The phrase
that best describes the early years of this re-founded department
is "radical and often beleaguered."
How was it beleaguered?
Richman: Like many small colleges that began in the early 19th century,
Oberlin had a religious mission to train ministers. Its second president
and first professor of theology, Charles Grandison Finney, the most
famous preacher of his time, traveled throughout the northern United
States, where people flocked to hear him speak. Throughout its history,
the College has had some outstanding teachers of Biblical literature
and archeology. In the early 1950s, however, when Clyde Holbrook
arrived at Oberlin, a new kind of endeavor began. The Oberlin Theological
Seminary, which was training ministers, had a specific vocational
thrust. In contrast, Holbrook had a vision for a different kind
of study of religion, one that was perceived as neither fish nor
fowl by already existing programs.
In the beginning, it was Holbrook versus the seminary and the philosophy
department. The Oberlin School of Theology thought him too secular
because he was willing to take seriously the criticisms of religion
made by Marx, Freud, and others. In contrast, the philosophy department
believed that he was teaching about "faiths" and felt
that such study could not be rigorous or carried out according to
the highest standards of logic and reason.
wanted to create a department that would have a central role in
teaching the humanities at Oberlin. He yearned to teach religions
in the way that other departments taught history, philosophy, or
literature: as a history of human creativity the ways in
which various communities created systems of meaning and moral reasoning.
It called for approaching religious texts and traditions not as
repositories of "theological" knowledge or correctness,
but as attempts to come to terms with the religious dimension of
human existence. In the classroom, religious texts and traditions
were subjected to empathetic, yet critical analysis, so that undergraduates
could understand the experience of religion from a variety of perspectives.
I suppose that viewpoint doesn't seem at all radical now, but it
was very radical in the 1950s.
So what happened?
Holbrook was a smart, determined, and spunky man, as well as an
extremely effective teacher. His courseseverything from Jonathan
Edwards to Karl Barth to Martin Buber to Kierkegaardbecame
legendary on campus. Students simply had to take his most renowned
class, Modern Religious Thought (known affectionately as
MRT) to get the best out of Oberlin. He pushed us to consider the
philosophical implications of each viewpoint we studied. It was
a very demanding course. In fact, there was a famous piece of graffiti
on campus: "God took MRT, but only got a B." Holbrook
filled the biggest lecture hall on campus every year.
You were a religion major in the early 1970s. What was it like then?
From the current perspective of someone who did her graduate work
on religious traditions of India, what I find most amazing is that
we had two full-time, tenure-track people teaching Asian religions.
Daniel Overmeyer, who recently retired from the University of British
Columbia, taught Chinese and Japanese religion, while Larry Shinn,
now president of Berea College, taught Indian religion and Islam.
Equally important, the department's offerings were so lively
because our professors cared about more than their own area of expertise.
I recall Grover Zinn, now associate dean of the faculty at Oberlin,
writing a fascinating article about comparable uses of symbolism
in Tibetan mandalas and meditational aids of Western Christian mystics.
Tom Frank began taking Oberlin students on archaeological digs at
Tell el-Hesi in Israel on a regular basis, so learning extended
way beyond the college classroom. Ed Long, now retired from Drew
University, wrote a book on ethics that was used in classrooms all
over the country. We felt that religion majors were participating
in the most current debates in the field of scholarship about religion.
What's happening in the department now?
In the department's early years, most of the struggles revolved
around ensuring that the major religions of the world were central
to our curriculum. In addition to teaching Judaism, Christianity,
and Asian religions, we worked hard to gain a faculty position in
Islam more than a decade ago. Meanwhile, the study of religion as
a field was becoming more and more sophisticated about understanding
the varieties of lived experience within a single religious tradition,
so it was exciting when we were able to add a position in African
American religious experience in the United States. Last year, we
received a tenure-track position in the field of women and religion
after more than a decade of requesting it.
we want to pay attention to religions as trans- national systems,
such as Buddhism in Asia and North America, and Islam in the Middle
East and Indonesia, and teach about how religious traditions exert
reciprocal influences on each other. Our faculty explores both constructive
and historical religious materials and also the dimensions of religious
experience, such as art, ritual, patterns of daily life, architecture,
and clothing. Only by continually expanding and rethinking approaches
can a discipline remain alive.
with Paula Richman is reprinted with permission of http://www.aarweb.org,
Department of Religion has created a fund for lectures and student
projects in honor of its 50th anniversary. Contributions can be
sent to the Department of Religion Faculty and Student Support Endowed
Fund, c/o Developmental Resources, Bosworth 4, 50 W. Lorain Street,
Oberlin, OH 44074.
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